Bhagavan Rajneesh, or simply Osho (Osho, 1931-1990), was born in 1931 in a small village of central India in a wealthy Jain family (Jainism is a religious philosophical doctrine, it originated in India around the 6th century BC; the name comes from the word "winner" in Sanskrit). Very young Osho started a controversy about religion and ridiculed the Jain ascetic who came to preach to his family. And on March 21, 1953, Osho experienced enlightenment and was completely spiritually reborn. “I went out into the garden at night, and suddenly everything around me began to radiate light ... The whole Universe became a blessing for me,” Osho recalled.
Later, Osho graduated with honors from the faculty of philosophy at the university and began teaching at Raipur College. But his lectures were considered too revolutionary, and in 1966 Osho had to leave teaching. Under the name Acharya Rajneesh, he traveled around the country with lectures, vehemently criticizing socialism, Gandhi and the puritanical attitude of the people of the country towards sex. Since 1962, began to conduct seminars on meditation. And after 12 years in Indian Pune, he founded an ashram, where many Western seekers of eternal truth and hippies reached out. By 1980, 30 thousand people a year visited the ashram, mostly Europeans and Americans.
In 1981, Osho took a vow of silence and went to the United States. His American fans decided to redeem land in Oregon and found a community called Rajneeshpuram, which eventually became one of the largest religious communities in the world. On the territory of the once deserted area, a whole city arose, where tens of thousands of people in maroon clothes roamed. Very soon, the settlers began to conflict with local residents, most of them devout Christians. Everything ended with an attempt by the leadership of the commune to poison the neighbors. During the investigation, Osho claimed that he spent all his time in silence and did not know anything about the crime. A few days later he was released from custody and expelled from the country. In no country where he sought asylum, he was allowed to stay, and Osho returned to India.
The last years of his life Osho was seriously ill. According to him, the disease was the result of thallium poisoning in an American prison. From April 1989, the master stopped communicating with his students and, after eight months, on January 19, 1990, died.
Osho’s ideas are closest in spirit to the Indian teaching on the non-dual nature of Advaita and Zen Buddhism. Osho called on the disciples to be completely free internally. It is necessary to abandon the ego, or “mind,” that is, all sorts of social conventions, and return to a state of pure, childish perception of the world. One of the main goals of Rajneesh is the creation of a new man, Zorba-Buddha, who combines Buddha’s awareness with the zest of the Greek Zorba, the hero of the novel Nikos Kazantzakis.
At the same time, according to Osho himself, all concepts are false, including his own. “Listen, not my words, but the gaps between them - this is meditation. It doesn't matter what I say. Words are only doors to truth. For me, they are just a tool to help open the void. " When in 1970, Osho was asked to formulate the ten commandments of the doctrine, he first refused, saying that he was against any rules. But then all the same as a joke I composed the Ten Commandments. The first is “never obey any commandments except those that come from your soul,” the last one “do not look for anything. There is only that which is. Stop and look.
Today in the world there are hundreds of centers where Oshov practices are conducted. The largest is the same ashram in Pune, which has turned into an international meditative resort. Guests who pay for their daily rent attend seminars on OSHO meditation and participate in a variety of esoteric classes. On the territory you can only walk in maroon robes, as in the times of Osho himself. But now in the evenings, instead of a living teacher, the practitioners see him on a huge screen and meditate on the video of his conversations.