The game of the meanings of the English word free ("free") - "free" and "free" in this case is justified, because the freediver is free first of all from the burden of expensive scuba gear.
The key concept of free immersion is apnea (from the Greek apnea - “without breathing”), therefore the second name of people obsessed with this passion is “apneists”.
As a sport with its own rules, disciplines and industry, freediving has existed for the last fifty years. But the people who are involved in it, to call athletes somehow the language does not turn: their ideological base is too powerful.
The main world trade union freedivers - insists that everyone has the experience of "free immersion", because it begins with the fact that 9 months before birth is in the aquatic environment, very close to the sea. The biologist professor at Oxford University, Alistair Hardy, in the 1930s, proved the theory of existence. There are also Egyptian artifacts depicting ancient divers, Japanese ama are still thriving - pearl hunters, Australian tribes are famous for giving birth in water - in general, freedivers have built a solid base that proves that humans are aquatic mammals.
Dolphin man Jacques Mayol truly believed in this. Moreover, he believed that with the help of psychological training, each of us is able to feel in the water, like at home. (By the way, Mayol was the prototype of one of the heroes of Luc Besson’s film “Blue Abyss.” The prototype of the second is another great diver, Italian Enzo Majorca).
Free diving competitions in the pool are held in three disciplines: static apnea (STA, static apnea), dynamic without fins (DNF, dynamics without flippers) and dynamic with fins (DYN, dynamics in flippers). All the differences are already clear from the names themselves: during static, a person lies motionless on the water, face down, and the time of apnea is noted. In the dynamics of a man swims, holding his breath, - measured the distance that he swam.
In open water, freedivers compete in diving to the depth: with or without weighting, with or without flippers, with the use of a cable or only due to the diver’s own strength.
The equipment necessary for a freediver is, by definition, not much and, as has already been said, it is relatively inexpensive. The main thing is the mask (during training in the pool they often use not even her, but glasses and a clothespin for the nose) and flippers. Fins can be the usual "freaks" or monofold. Monofin - a sort of imitation of the caudal fin. Fascinating pictures of freediving master Julia Petrik, in monofin, went around the world press. That's just to experience this beauty yourself, you must first hone the technique of swimming in races.
IRINA KHAKAMADA public figure, writer
One of the worst things that can happen to a freediver is a temporary loss of consciousness caused by hypoxia (oxygen deficiency). You can feel the approximation of hypoxia, but you need to have certain skills. That is why psychological, spiritual and respiratory yogic practices are so important for freedivers.
In Moscow, freediving courses are usually held at the base of diving centers, but not on a regular basis. We have to follow the announcements and announcements.