What comes to mind at the mention of the name Hippocrates? Of course, the oath of the same name and in general "fatherhood" in medicine. In many countries of the world, doctors swear by the name of the great Greek, not suspecting that he has nothing to do with the modern version of the oath.

Hippocrates is a man of legend. For the first time his biography was written 500 years after he died. Of all his amazing life, there are hardly a dozen verified facts. He was born on the Greek island of Kos in 460 BC. e. in a family where all men studied the art of healing, and the accumulated experience was passed on from father to son. By the age of 20, Hippocrates was already known as an excellent doctor. However, the desire for new knowledge sent a young man on a long journey around the world: Greece, Egypt, Libya and the Crimea - everywhere he drew something special, from which his school of medicine would later emerge.

It was Hippocrates who introduced the basic principle of treatment, which every doctor should follow at all times: “Do no harm!”. He sought to help the sick recover through fasting and diet. At first he forbade eating, then he gave various foods and watched the reaction of the organism. So he selected the patient a medical diet and at the same time studied the healing properties of various products. If diets and medicinal herbs did not help, Hippocrates decided on surgical intervention. It is known that he was a talented surgeon, but preferred not to use this skill too often.

Hippocrates was convinced that illness is not a curse sent to man by the gods, but a wrong way of life, including the wrong diet. The great doctor claimed that all diseases come through the mouth, and considered diet as the main means of treatment. In the treatise “On Diet for Acute Diseases,” which has come down to our time, Hippocrates laid the foundations of a reasonable dietology, dividing various starvation by the nature of diseases. “Every food is good and bad at the same time depending on the circumstances,” wrote Hippocrates. Thus, he believed that wine in certain diseases is an excellent medicine: “Wine is a thing that is surprisingly suitable for a person both in health and in ailments. It is prescribed by necessity and in certain quantities in accordance with the individual physique. " It is not surprising that in our time, enotherapy (treatment with grape wines) is so popular, because the father of medicine himself was not against improving his health in this way.

It remains a mystery how much the great Hippocrates lived - either 83 years old, or all 110. Scientists agree that he died a deep old man. The great healer has many monuments around the world, one of which is on his native island of Kos. A swarm of bees has settled near this place, and, according to a local legend, their honey has supernatural healing properties.

As for the holy oath of medicine, the first version of which was written by Hippocrates himself, she was edited many times. In one embodiment, for example, on behalf of Hippocrates, young doctors promised never to provide medical care ... for free.

See also: god of health, family and healthy lifestyle

Watch the video: GCSE history: Hippocrates in Five Minutes (February 2020).